A sole proprietorship is a small business owned by one person. It is the One-Man Show , so to speak. The owner has total control over the business and is personally responsible for all of its obligations and liabilities. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, 73 % of our 28 million small businesses are sole proprietorships.
Pros. It is the simplest (and most common) business structure to start and run. As the sole proprietor, you are entitled to all of the company’s profits. You determine the projects and priorities. You have the flexibility to set your own schedule and then celebrate the results of your hard work.
Cons. Because this business structure does not limit personal liability, you are liable for all of the company’s debts and losses. Also, you might work long hours and have little or no profit to show for the first few years.
You may need to register your sole proprietorship with the state and/or local government. One of the advantages of sole proprietorship is the relatively small number of government regulations in comparison with larger businesses in the U.S.
Income. Of course, you must report and pay income taxes. Income taxes flow through the business entity to the sole proprietor. It’s called “pass-through taxation” or “flow-through taxation.” This means you do not pay taxes as a separate business entity. Instead, you (the sole proprietor) must report the company’s profits or losses, and then you pay all taxes on your company’s earnings as part of your personal income taxes.
Payroll and Self-Employment. In addition to reporting and paying income taxes, sole proprietors must remit payroll taxes, including social security and Medicare, for their employees. Since sole proprietors employ themselves (so the IRS considers them to be both the employer and the employee), the business owner must remit what is known as the “self-employment tax.” The self-employment tax is a combination of the employer and employee shares of social security and Medicare taxes.
The payroll tax remission schedule can be complicated if you have limited payroll tax knowledge. In that case, you may want to use payroll software with payroll tax services (like Patriot Software!) to help you meet tax deadlines promptly.
Is sole proprietor the right choice?
There are other business structures to consider, such as partnerships, LLCs, and corporations. Many small business owners consult an attorney with business structuring experience to determine whether sole proprietorship is the best business structure for their needs.
RESEARCH CREDIT: AMANDA MOORE, LAW STUDENT, THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRON
Mike Kappel , the "Small Business Expert" at Patriot Software